German Conformation titles:
ZB-Zuchtbewertung: Conformation Show Rating followed by:
VA -Vorzuglich Auslese: Excellent Select,the highest attainable award by a German show dog and granted only at the annual Sieger Show.
V - Vorzuglich: Excellent.
SG - Sehr Gut: Very Good; an official German show grade and the highest obtainable by
dogs under two.
G - Gut: Good.
A - Austreichend: Sufficient.
M - Mangelhaft: Faulty.
U - Ungenugend: Insufficient.
Jugendklasse-ruden: Youth class for males of twelve to eighteen months at German shows.
Jugendklasse-hundinnen: The corresponding class for bitches.
Sieger or siegerin: Title given to the top Male and Female at the German National Show,
they will also receive the rating of VA-1
Weltsieger: World Seiger title awarded to the top dog at the FCI All Breed Show.
Europasieger: Conformation winner at the European All Breed Show.
Bundeszuchtsieger: Conformation winner at the German National All Breed Show.
European Conformation Titles
CHIB: International FCI-Show Champion
CACIB-certificates on a international dogshow in two differentcountries given under two different judges
CAC: certificat from an FCI international dogshow
Angulations: The angles at which bones of shoulder and upper arm meet at the shoulder
joint, and those of upper and lower thigh meet at the knee joint.
AKC: American Kennel Club.
CKC: Canadian Kennel Club.
Washed out: Marked palling of color and pigment in nose and nail.
Monorchid: A dog possessing one testicle.
Bloodline: Animals sharing a specific familly relationship over several generations.
SV: Schaferhund Verein, GSD Society of West Germany.
Sable: A gray, brown or fawn foundation color with black- shaded guard hairs. (Wolf like colorings).
Korung: German breed survey to select animals for breeding. Class 1 animals recommended,
Class 2 animals suitable.
KK1: Korklasse, survey class.
Inbreeding: Deliberate mating together of close relatives.
High withered: When the area where the neck runs into the back is definite, long and
well filled in with muscle over the vertebrae between the shoulder blades,
and slopes into the back, rather than being on the same horizontal with
Dew claws: Additional toes on inside of the leg above the foot and making no contact with ground. Many puppies are born without them on the rear legs.
Cow hocked: The dog stands and moves with the point of hock turned inwards.
Croup: The pelvis together with covering of muscle and coat.
Entire: Having both testicles in the scrotum.
TT: Temperament Tested.
TC: Temperament Certified.
OFA: Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (Hip Certification in U.S.).
OVC: Ontario Veterinary College (Hip Certification in Canada).
CGC: The dog has a Canine Good Citizen certificate.
Penn HIP: Developed at University of Pennsylvania (USA) The procedure measures hip joint laxity; it does not grade a passing or failing score. Loose hips are more prone to developing degenerative joint disease. (See OVC, OFA, "a stamp").
SV Verein für Deutsche Schäferhunde: (German Shepherd Dog Club) The original GSD breed club and breed registry, based in Germany.
TSB Triebveranlagung: fighting drive.
ZW Zuchtwert: ZW-value — Zuchtwert evaluation — is a Breed Value Assessment - a number assigned that gives an indication of the genotype of the dog for breeding purposes.
KKLI: Korklasse I, Breed surveyed recommended to breeding- Koer Class rating which states that the dog has been breed surveyed and found to be breeding quality.
KKLII: Korklasse II, Breed surveyed suitable for breeding.
Lbz - Lebenszeit: Lifetime rating
GSD is an abbreviation that stands for German Shepherd Dog.
Temperament refers to the personality traits and innate characteristics of any given dog.
A pedigree is the record of descent of an animal, showing it to be purebred. A pedigree contains information regarding a specific dog's ancestors and may include information on health testing and titles. A dog's pedigree is essentially a family tree, showcasing his or her relatives.
Measured by a given dogs resilience, ability to withstand stress and mental stability in the face of things that are potentially unnerving.
Thresholds refer to the amount of stimulation required to activate a dog in various drives. Evaluated as low, medium or high thresholds.
Innate genetic attributes or driving forces that motivate or compel a dog to take action. Drives include prey, defense, hunt, fight, etc. Commonly evaluated as low, medium or high.
The desire to seek out an object and search for it relentlessly despite distractions, environment and length of time.
Stemming from prey drive, ball drive refers to the dog's desire to play with or work for a ball or other toy.
Prey drive is the instinctual desire to chase a moving object then capture and/or kill it.
A dog's innate desire to protect itself, but also their young, their food, their pack, and their territory from a perceived threat.
The desire of a dog to acquire and maintain a position of dominance (dominant rank) both inside and out of their pack. It is the desire to improve their social standing.
The desire to interact and socialize with members of its pack. An independent dog would be considered low pack drive whereas a high pack drive dog is the one who would rather play with their handler than by themselves. Commonly evaluated as low, medium or high.
A dog's desire to dominate, control and overpower an opponent.
The dog's willingness and ability to overcome stress and distraction, or the dog's ability to recover after a correction or bad experience.
Refers to a dog that is willing to engage a human/threat without equipment being present (such as a bite suit or protection sleeve).
Refers to suspicion and inclinations towards individuals both inside and outside of a given dog's pack. Social aggression is also the willingness to accept a challenge and fight.
Aggression directed towards the handler (person), especially when the dog is pushed or corrected.
An abnormal response to a normal situation, can manifest in varying degrees of intensity. Reactivity is a symptom of a potential issue with any of (or a combination of) the following: temperament, thresholds, drives, nerves, etc.
The OFA classifies hips into seven different categories: Excellent, Good, Fair (all within Normal limits), Borderline, and then Mild, Moderate, or Severe (the last three considered Dysplastic).
The hip grades of excellent, good and fair are within normal limits and are given OFA numbers. This information is accepted by AKC on dogs with permanent identification and is in the public domain. Radiographs of borderline, mild, moderate and severely dysplastic hip grades are reviewed by a team of consultant radiologists and a radiographic report is generated documenting the abnormal radiographic findings. Unless the owner has chosen the open database, dysplastic hip grades are closed to public information.